Tamara Complete Version | Vose Software

Project risk analysis software

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Use with
Primavera P6
MS project
ModelRisk (spreadsheet)
Pelican (enterprise risk management)
Risk modeling tools
Scope uncertainty
Fixed cost uncertainty
Cost rate uncertainty
Productivity uncertainty
Productivity risk events
Task-specific risk events (cost and/or time impacts)
Risk of additional work
Risk of site disruption
Reporting variables
Task or milestone start date
Task or milestone finish date
Task or group duration
Task or group cost
Cost per period
Cumulative cost
Reporting types
Cumulative ascending (S-curve)
Cumulative descending
Pareto (histogram + cumulative)
Scatter cost v finish date
Trend + scatter
Tornado (sensitivity)
Stochastic Gantt chart
Report designer
Standard template reports
Custom template reports
Print reports
Export to PDF, Word, Excel, image, web file
Email report
Add formatted text, images, graphs, watermark
Unrestricted speed and schedule size
Monte Carlo simulation
Control of random number sequence
Control of samples generated
Control of CPUs used
Help file
Example models
Control of currency used and format

Cost Uncertainty Definitions

Analogous to the Work Amount Uncertainty definitions, this interface allows one to define some descriptive terms to apply to costs. These terms are then applied to resource costs and to expenses.

Click here for more information.

Resource Cost Uncertainty

The Resource Cost Uncertainty table organizes the resources into materials and labor according to the imported schedule designation:

The user can control:

  • Whether the cost is related to the duration of a task (and therefore is proportionally uncertain);
  • At what point the cost is paid (evenly in time over the duration of a task, or at the start or finish of the task)
  • Uncertainty in the resource cost when working; and
  • Uncertainty in the resource cost when on standby.

Click here for more information.

Productivity Risk Factors

The time it takes to complete a task within a project is dependent on:

  • The scope (actual amount of work), and
  • The productivity level (the rate with which one can complete the work).

The Work Amount Uncertainty feature in Tamara allows one to describe uncertainty in the scope.

The Productivity Risk Factors feature allows one to separately describe uncertainty in the productivity level.

The great advantage of splitting the uncertainty between these two actors is that one can create realistic, intuitive correlation between task durations because – for example – if a welding team works slowly on one set of tasks, it is likely to do the same on another set.

The failure to correlate task durations properly will almost always result in significant underestimation of the risk of meeting budgets and deadlines.


Many factors affect how efficiently a task gets completed, and therefore how long it takes. These factors can be organizational (level of communication, coordination, etc.), human (level of competence, motivation), equipment (throughput level, reliability), etc. In this interface, you define the productivity factors that can have an effect on various parts of the project, e.g. ‘welding contractor expertise’, ‘cooperation with client’, etc:

The Productivity Risk Factors are then combined into groups in the Work Type Categories interface. This allows one to incorporate correlation between the uncertainties in task duration.

Click here for more information.

Work Type Categories

Work Type Categories allow you to group together Productivity Risk Factors to make it fast and simple to specify how quickly work will be done.


Productivity rates are a major cause of risk in a project, particularly because they produce correlation between task completion times. The use of different mixes of Productivity Risk Factors for various categories of work makes it very quick and easy to incorporate the uncertainty driven by common factors in an intuitive way.

Click here for more information.

Task-Specific Risk Events

The Task-Specific risk event interface allows you to assign specific risks to one or more tasks.


The interface allows you to define risk events with a variety of different characteristics. Those risk events can then be attached to one or more tasks in the main view.

  • Include a cost or delay or both;
  • Be single or multiple events;
  • Be duplicated so that an identical risk can occur independently for similar tasks

Click here for more information.

Unplanned Work Risk Events

The Unplanned Work risk event interface allows you to insert into a schedule the extra unplanned work that could result from a risk event occurring.


The first step is to define a risk event using this interface:

In the main schedule, possible tasks are added with zero duration. Then, when imported into Tamara, these tasks are linked to an appropriate Unplanned Work risk event, and given a range of durations should the extra work become necessary.

Click here for more information.

Disruption Calendar Risks

A Disruption in a Tamara model is a risk event that simultaneously halts all activities within the same calendar.


Different calendars are often used in project planning to organize the times different types of activities can be carried out. For example, those working in an office might be 9-5, Mon-Fri, all year round and those installing offshore wind turbines might be 24/7 but not in stormy or winter months.

Disruption risks in Tamara will impose a complete stop to all activities in the same calendar. So, for example, it can simulate the shutdown of a site or a strike.

Click here for more information.

Trend plots

Trend plots show how project costs evolve over time. There are three basic types.

The Period Cost plot show the range of costs that may occur in each period (daily, weekly, etc):

The Cumulative Cost plot show the range of total costs that may occur over time:

The Scatter plot shows the relationship between total cost and project completion date:

Total Cost plots

This allows you to analyse the total cost uncertainty associated with any task or group of tasks, or with the project as a whole.

The same plots and sensitivity analysis are available for costs as the ones used for Start, Finish and Duration variables.